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Enlarged Prostate Information: Here Is Everything You Need to Know

The prostate is a gland that is responsible for producing some of the fluid that carries sperm at the time of ejaculation. The prostate glands surround your urethra which is a tube through which urine passes out of your body.

When you suffer from an enlarged prostate, it means that your gland has grown bigger. Prostate enlargement happens to almost every man when as they get older.

An enlarged prostate is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is not cancer and also does not raise your risk of experiencing prostate cancer.

When it comes to prostate gland enlargement, there are various effective treatments like medicines, surgery, and slightly invasive therapies. In order to choose the best treatment option for you, the doctor will first consider the symptoms, the size of your prostate, and other health conditions that you might have.

Symptoms of enlarged prostate

The seriousness of symptoms in men suffering from prostate gland enlargement differs but symptoms might get worse with time. Some of the most common signs and symptoms of an enlarged prostate include:

  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Frequent or urgent need for urination
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Urinating more often at night
  • Difficulty in starting urination
  • Not able to empty the bladder completely
  • Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts

Some of the less common symptoms of an enlarged prostate include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Inability to urinate

The size of your prostate doesn't need to determine the seriousness of your symptoms. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostates can have major symptoms while other men with a very enlarged prostates might experience only minor urinary symptoms.

There are some cases in which the symptoms stabilize and even improve with time.

Causes of enlarged prostate

Enlarged prostate is often contemplated as a normal condition as you age. Though the exact cause is still unknown changes in male sex hormones that come with age can be one of the factors.

Any family history of prostate problems or any oddities with your testicles can increase the risk of suffering from an enlarged prostate. Men who had their testicles removed at a very young age do not suffer from an enlarged prostate.

When the doctor checks you for enlarged prostate, the treatment mainly starts by doing a physical exam and asking about your medical history. The physical examination generally includes a rectal examination in which the doctor examines the size as well as the shape of your prostate.

Some of the other tests that your doctor might recommend include:

Urodynamic test: During this test, your bladder will be filled with liquid via a catheter to measure the pressure of the bladder at the time of urination.

Urinalysis: For blood and bacteria, your urine is checked.

Post-void residual: This test helps determine the amount of urine that is left in the bladder after urination.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: This blood test is conducted to check the cancer of your prostate.

Cystoscopy: It is the examination of your urethra as well as the bladder in which a tiny lighted scope is inserted inside your urethra.

Your doctor might ask about the medicines you take that can affect your urinary system like:

  • Diuretics
  • Sedatives
  • Antidepressants
  • Antihistamines

Depending upon your condition, the doctor might also suggest some medicine adjustments. Never try adjusting the medicines or their dosage yourself because it can be dangerous. 

Treatments for enlarged prostate

Based on your health, age, the size of your prostate, and how enlarged prostate affects you, the doctor will determine the best treatment. Here are some treatment options:

Lifestyle changes

It is always better to start with things you can control. Try making these lifestyle changes:

Avoid the consumption of caffeine and alcohol

Exercise regularly to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles

Decrease the consumption of fluids you drink, mainly before you go out or go to bed


For patients suffering from mild to moderate BPH, your doctor will recommend medications. Some drugs work by relaxing the muscles present in your prostate and bladder as well. While others help in shrinking the size of your enlarged prostate and bringing it to normal size.

For some men, the doctor also recommends a mix of medications to ensure the best results.


If your prostate turns out to be chronically inflamed due to bacterial prostatitis related to BPH then the doctor can recommend antibiotics.

Treating bacterial prostatitis with antibiotics is highly effective in improving your symptoms of an enlarged prostate by decreasing inflammation. Though antibiotics are not going to help prostatitis or inflammation that is caused due to bacteria.

Thus, an enlarged prostate does not always need medical treatment, if diagnosed at an early stage. To avoid worsening your condition, you must meet the doctor quickly.