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Low blood pressure during pregnancy

Low blood pressure during pregnancy

During pregnancy, experiencing low blood pressure is very common. Most of the time, this condition does not cause any major health issues. It is important to know that blood pressure returns to a normal level once you give birth to a child.

However, low blood pressure can be dangerous in some cases during pregnancy for both mom and baby.

It is important to understand that pregnancy is an intensive and delicate stage in a woman’s life. Pregnancy not only leads to changes in the mother’s appearance, diet, and hormonal but also cause fluctuations in the blood pressure.

During pregnancy, most women experience low blood pressure and this generally happens in the first 24 weeks of the gestation period. Low blood pressure occurs because more blood is rerouted to the fetus.

Being a pregnant woman, you might also suffer from low blood pressure as the blood vessels expand in this stage in order to hold more blood. Sometimes, low blood pressure also happens when you are sitting or lying down for a long time or spending too much time in hot water tubs.

What leads to low blood pressure during pregnancy?

Pregnancy leads to a number of changes as a woman’s body adapts to the effort that takes to create a baby. This is the reason, pregnant women should undergo regular check-ups with their doctor during all the stages involved in pregnancy.

During these check-ups, doctors often ask a woman questions related to her lifestyle. The doctor will also monitor the woman’s blood pressure during every visit.

A woman’s blood pressure can become low in the first 24 weeks of pregnancy. This usually happens due to the circulatory system because blood vessels expand to ensure smooth blood flow to the uterus.

Some common factors that lead to the problem of low blood pressure include:

  • Infections
  • Allergic reactions
  • Dehydration
  • Prolonged bed rest
  • Anemia
  • Malnutrition
  • Internal bleeding
  • Endocrine disorders
  • Heart conditions

A pregnant woman might also suffer from low blood pressure due to some medicines. This is the reason, you must inform the doctor about all the medications you take.

Keep one thing in your mind, extremely low blood pressure is a sign of a complication in early pregnancy like ectopic pregnancy. You need to know that a fertilized egg implants itself anywhere else instead of the uterus.

What are the risks of low blood pressure?

Remember low blood pressure during pregnancy is not a cause of concern until and unless you experience symptoms. Big drops might be a sign of a serious or life-threatening problem. 

You must know that extremely low blood pressure causes organ damage, falls, or shock. 

Is low blood pressure responsible for affecting the baby?

It is often believed that low blood pressure during pregnancy often has a negative effect on the baby. Low blood pressure can lead to the problems like low birth weight as well as stillbirth.

Symptoms of low blood pressure during pregnancy

Here are some symptoms that you might come across while suffering from low blood pressure during pregnancy:

  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Light-headedness
  • Unusual thirst
  • Tiredness
  • Blurred vision
  • Lack of concentration
  • Clammy, pale or cold skin
  • Rapid or shallow breathing

Call the doctor immediately, if you suffer from any of these symptoms of low blood pressure during pregnancy.

Treatment

In some cases, a special treatment routine is not needed in order to treat low blood pressure in pregnant women. This is because the blood pressure returns to the normal level after the third trimester. 

In other cases, a few Heart medications are recommended by the doctor to treat low blood pressure depending upon the nature and the gestation period. Vitamin B-12 works effectively to solve the problem of anemia as it aids in restoring the function of blood cells.

There are also several home remedies that help pregnant women to avoid the problem of low blood disorder. Some of the remedies are stated below:

Diet

Eating a healthy and nutritious diet help in maintaining constant blood pressure during pregnancy. You must eat fruits and vegetables that are good sources of important vitamins and minerals, preventing low BP.

Pregnant women must break down their meals into shorter meals at regular intervals instead of eating heavy meals at one time only.

Liquids

Make sure you drink plenty of liquids to deal with morning sickness or vomiting that are common during pregnancy. In case, low blood pressure is causing nausea then you can take warm herbal tea as it will settle your stomach. Keep yourself hydrated to avoid low BP.

Exercise

Exercise plays a vital role in regulating blood pressure in the body. Consult the doctor once and then start exercising on a regular basis to keep yourself healthy and avoid problems like low BP.

Therefore, to avoid low blood pressure during pregnancy eat healthy food and go for regular check-ups.