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Melasma - Symptoms and its Treatment

What is melasma?

Melasma is basically a common skin condition that causes discolored as well as dark patches on your skin. It is also known as the mask of pregnancy when it occurs in women at the time of pregnancy. 

However, this skin condition is quite common in women than men but several men also suffer from melasma. You will experience light brown, dark brown as well as blue-gray patches on your skin while suffering from melasma. 

They appear as flat patches or freckle-like spots on the affected areas like the face, cheeks, forearms, upper lip, and forehand. This skin condition deepens and reduces over time, but at the time of summer, it gets worse and better in the winter. 

However, melasma can affect any part of your skin that is visible to sunlight. This the reason why most people with melasma experience that their symptoms are getting worse in summers. 

Symptoms of melasma

Melasma causes patches of discoloration on your skin. All the patches caused are darker than your natural skin color. The patches are mainly seen on the face and in symmetrical shape along with matching marks on both sides of the face. 

When you suffer from this skin condition, you often find brownish color patches on the:

  • Chin
  • Cheeks
  • Bridge of the nose
  • Forehead

 

Though, you can also find the patches on your neck and forearms. You need to immediately contact a healthcare professional, as soon as you notice the symptoms of melasma. It is important for you to fix your appointment with a doctor who specializes in treating skin disorders. 

Causes of melasma

You might suffer from this skin disorder due to the improper function of the melanocytes in the skin. Consequently, people with dark skin tone have more chances of suffering from melasma. This is because there are more melanocytes in the people with a darker skin tone than the lighter skin tone. Stress as well as thyroid disease are also known for causing this skin disorder. 

However, some of the major causes of melasma include:

  • Variations in hormones at the time of pregnancy, while taking birth pills, or during hormone treatment. 
  • Sun exposure

Few skin care products give irritation feeling to your skin

Treatment 

For melasma, treatment is not always important. Hormonal changes that occur at the time of pregnancy or while taking birth pills often cause melasma. 

However, such kind of melasma will fade automatically after the delivery or once you stop taking the pills. But for some people, this skin disorder can last for years and even for their entire life. 

If you are also one of them then get emergency medical help in order to remove or fade the patches. It is always better to consult the doctor once and then continue the treatment of any medication. In the market, you can Find Triluma Cream that treats melasma but some of them are really effective including:

Hydroquinone

For melasma, hydroquinone is considered as the first line of treatment. It is available in gel, lotion & cream form. This medication is directly applied to the patches of skin that have become discolored. 

 

Corticosteroids and tretinoin

This medicine is highly effective in treating melasma. It works by lighting the color of patches present on your skin. However, if the topical medicines do not work properly then your doctor might recommend procedures like:

 

  • Chemical peel
  • Laser treatment 
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Dermabrasion
  • Light therapy

 

Therefore, it is important for you to contact the doctor immediately as you come across the melasma symptoms and get treatment.