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Things To Know About Migraine vs. Headache

Things To Know About Migraine vs. Headache

Are you suffering from a throbbing headache? Don’t know whether it is a migraine or headache? Don’t worry! This blog will provide you with answers to these questions?.

Whenever you experience pressure or pain in your head, it is arduous to tell whether you are experiencing casual headaches or migraines. Therefore, differentiating the two is very essential. This way, you will get immediate relief from the pain. You can also prevent headaches from occurring in the future.

Let’s learn about both types of headaches in detail.

What Is Migraine?

Migraine headaches are usually intense or severe and have common symptoms like head pain. Other than that, people usually feel nauseous, have pain behind one eye or ear, pain in the temples, seeing flashing lights or spots, vomiting, sensitivity to light or sound, muscle aches, and neck and shoulder pain.

This pain ranges from severe to moderate when compared to tension or other types of headaches. Some even experience severe headaches that take them to the emergency room.

Also, migraines episodes affect only one side of the head. However, you can also experience both sides of the head. Migraine headaches are intense and may be throbbing, making it arduous to perform daily tasks.

Types Of Migraines

Migraine headaches to typically divided into two types:

Migraine with Aura- Here, an aura refers to sensations a person experiences before they get migraine headaches. It typically occurs from about ten to thirty minutes before a migraine attack. It includes symptoms like being less mentally alert or having trouble thinking, seeing flashing lights or unusual lines, feeling tingling or numbness in the face or hand, and having an unusual sense of smell, touch, or taste.

Migraine Without Aura-  People having migraine usually suffer symptoms a day or two before the actual episode occurs. It is known as the prodrome phase and usually includes constipation, depression, frequent yawning, irritability, and food cravings.

Migraine Triggers

People suffering from migraine also report various other factors associated with them, known as migraine triggers. It includes emotional anxiety, lack of sleep, skipping meals, contraceptives, alcohol, hormonal changes, and perimenopausal hormone changes.

How To Treat Migraines?

Tips To Treat Migraines

Prevention is considered one of the best treatments for curing migraine headaches. Your doctor may prescribe some preventive methods like:

  • Changes in your diet by avoiding foods and substances such as alcohol or caffeine.
  • Take prescription medications regularly, including antidepressants, blood-pressure-lowering medicines, CGRP antagonists, etc.
  • Taking help of relaxation techniques.

Medications

If you experience migraine attacks less frequently, you can take the help of some medications given below:

  • Anti-nausea medications,
  • Mild to moderate pain relievers, and
  • Triptans

What Are Headaches?

Headaches are unpleasant pain in the head that causes pressure and aching. You may usually feel headaches on both sides of your head. You can experience headaches that range from severe to moderate. Headaches occur in specific areas like the forehead, temples, or back of the neck. It usually lasts from 30 minutes to one hour. Some every last for days or longer.

Types Of Headaches

The most common type of headache includes tension headache, which occurs due to stress, anxiety, muscle strain, or eyestrain.

Apart from this, other types of headaches are:

Cluster Headaches- Cluster headaches are considered the subtype of migraine and cause very severe types of pain on one side of the head and come in clusters. It means that you feel cycles of headache attacks, followed by headache-free periods. It is usually behind or above the eye or at the temple.

Sinus headaches- These types of headaches are often confused with migraines. It usually occurs along with other sinus infection symptoms like fever, stuffy, cough, congestion, and facial pressure.

Brain Structure Headaches- Injuries and other medical conditions can also lead to headaches. A congenital Chiari malformation causes Chiari headaches that cause the skull to push against parts of the brain. People often experience this pain in the back of their heads.

Thunderclap Headaches- It is a severe headache developed usually within 60 seconds or less. It could be a symptom of subarachnoid hemorrhage. It is a severe medical condition that requires immediate medical attention. It can also be caused due to aneurysm, stroke, or another injury.

How To Treat Headaches?

Over-The-Counter Treatments

Usually, if you are suffering from tension headaches, you will need over-the-counter medications like acetaminophen, Suminat, aspirin, and ibuprofen.

Relaxation Techniques

Sometimes, the headaches you experience are caused due to stress. Therefore, you should focus on reducing stress through some relaxation techniques like heat therapy, massage, meditation, neck stretching, and relaxation exercises.

Conclusion

Headaches can range from mild to severe and debilitating. So, it is advisable to identify and treat them early to minimize the chances of other headaches. It can be tricky to differentiate migraine headaches from other types of headaches. Therefore, pay particular attention to the time the headache starts.